Top 10 African Contributions To World Civilization

The African continent is rich with a history that has greatly contributed to the development of world civilization. From ancient times to the present day, Africa has made significant contributions in various fields that have shaped the world as we know it. In this blog post, we will explore the top 10 African contributions to world civilization, shedding light on the remarkable achievements of this vibrant continent.

1. Mathematics: The origins of mathematics can be traced back to ancient Africa, particularly the Nile Valley civilizations of Egypt and Nubia. These civilizations developed advanced mathematical systems and tools, which were later adopted and further developed by other ancient civilizations.

2. Medicine: Africa is the birthplace of medicine, with ancient civilizations such as Egypt and Ethiopia making significant advancements in medical science. The ancient Egyptians, for example, had a deep understanding of anatomy and developed surgical techniques that were far ahead of their time.

3. Architecture: African architecture is renowned for its grandeur and innovation. The Great Pyramids of Giza, the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela in Ethiopia, and the mud-brick complexes of the Sahel region are just a few examples of the incredible architectural achievements of the continent.

4. Literature: Africa has a rich oral tradition, with storytelling and poetry occupying a central place in African culture. The continent has produced a number of renowned authors and poets, including Chinua Achebe, Wole Soyinka, and Leopold Sedar Senghor, whose works have made a significant impact on world literature.

5. Music: African music has greatly influenced various genres around the world, including jazz, blues, reggae, and hip-hop. From the rhythms of West Africa to the melodies of East Africa, the continent’s music has captivated audiences worldwide.

6. Art: African art is diverse and vibrant, ranging from ancient rock paintings to contemporary sculptures. The intricate masks, statues, and textiles produced by African artists have influenced art movements globally and continue to be celebrated for their creativity and beauty.

7. Agriculture: Africa is the birthplace of agriculture, with ancient civilizations such as the Nile Valley and Sahara regions developing advanced farming techniques. The cultivation of crops such as wheat, barley, and millet, as well as the domestication of animals, revolutionized food production and led to the growth of human civilizations.

8. Astronomy: Ancient African civilizations, particularly the Egyptians and the Dogon people of Mali, had a deep understanding of astronomy. They developed complex calendars, mapped celestial bodies, and accurately predicted astronomical events.

9. Trade: Africa has a long history of trade, with ancient civilizations such as the Carthaginians and the Swahili traders dominating international trade routes. African goods such as gold, ivory, and spices were highly sought after, contributing to the global economy.

10. Governance and Legal Systems: Ancient African civilizations had well-established systems of governance and legal frameworks. The Kingdom of Aksum in Ethiopia, for example, had a centralized government and a written legal code, while the Mali Empire had a system of judges and courts to administer justice.


1. What are some famous African mathematicians?
Some famous African mathematicians include Katherine Johnson, who worked for NASA and contributed to the Apollo missions, and Chewang Ngwang Nkwain, a Cameroonian mathematician known for his work in fluid mechanics.

2. How did African medicine influence modern healthcare?
African medicine, especially the practices of traditional healers, has contributed to the development of alternative medicine and holistic healthcare approaches, which focus on the overall well-being of individuals.

3. Who are some famous African musicians?
Some famous African musicians include Fela Kuti (Nigeria), Miriam Makeba (South Africa), Salif Keita (Mali), and Angelique Kidjo (Benin).

4. How did African art influence Western art movements?
African art, with its bold colors, abstract forms, and use of natural materials, greatly influenced European art movements such as cubism and expressionism, leading to a reevaluation of traditional Western artistic norms.

5. What are some traditional African agricultural practices still in use today?
Some traditional African agricultural practices that are still in use today include crop rotation, terracing, and the use of organic fertilizers such as manure.

6. How did ancient African legal systems influence modern legal systems?
Ancient African legal systems, with their emphasis on community and restitution, have influenced modern legal systems by highlighting the importance of reconciliation and restorative justice approaches.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *